Welcome to the resource side of our website.
Here you will find more than 400 links to studies in a wide variety of doctrinal
topic areas. These studies are intended to be comprehensive and to relate a step-by-step,
reasonable analysis delving deeply into the scriptural texts.
What was on Moses' Two Stone Tablets? This study examines the conventional view that only the Ten Commandments were written on the two stone tablets that Moses brought down from Mount Sinai and considers the alternate possibility that the entire Law and Covenant was written on them.
Origins Addendum and Updates More information on the shape and size of the universe, how we observe light from objects farther away than the estimated age of the universe, and recent observations about the homogeneity of matter in the universe.
Redemption: (New) Long IntroductionContains: 1) information on Christian theories of atonement, 2) implications of the Punishment Substitution View, 3) a survey of biblical descriptions of atonement, 4) a look at passages used to support the Punishment Substitution View
Priesthood and the Kinsman RedeemerExamines the backdrop for Christ’s atoning work by looking at earlier biblical presentations of redemption and priestly intercession. Also, includes a discussion of priesthood in the New Covenant.
Daniel 9:27 and Future Temple ActivitiesA discussion of topics related to sacrifices and offerings that will be performed when the Temple is rebuilt.
Crucifixion StudyFollows the biblical account of Jesus’ arrest, trial, execution, and burial with a focus on illuminating how these events relate to and fulfill Old Testament ritual protocols and prophecy. (Can be found at the bottom of the study listing on our Redemption page.)
Born Again StudyA biblical consideration of the meaning and timing of being “born again.”
Grace and the CovenantsExamines the proper understanding of how and why the New Testament distinguishes between the New Covenant and the Law of Moses in regard to grace and faith in contrast to law and works. (See all three parts.)
The Age of AccountabilityA scriptural discussion of the concept of the age of accountability and related topics.
Sin and the CovenantsA study on how the bible defines sin and the role of covenants in regard to defining sin.
The Sinful NatureA scriptural analysis of the notion of a sinful nature or programming inherited by all men from Adam.
Righteousness on CreditAn investigation of whether the bible teaches that righteousness (right standing before God) is given as an unearned credit (to debtors) which is expected to be lived up to afterward in a similar sense to paying off financial credit or even a loan.
Genesis 8 and the CurseA biblical consideration of “the curse” as discussed in passages like Genesis 3 and 8 as well as how “the curse” does or doesn’t relate to particular periods of biblical history.
The Days of NoahA consideration of remarks in Peter’s epistles about Noah and the period before the Flood.
Giant LineagesInvestigates biblical reasons behind the instructions for the Israelites to exterminate certain people groups as they entered Canaan Land.
Japheth and BalaamAdditional consideration of details and the potential relevance of accounts provided by Moses in Genesis and Numbers.
Trinity Addendum 4: Patterns in the OT & NTFurther discussion of the appearances and activities of the Persons of the Trinity in the Old Testament.
Baptisms: John 3:5 and Born of WaterA discussion of concepts presented in John 3:5 in relation to the topic of baptisms.
Phoenicians and the 7th EmpireA look at additional details from biblical prophecy regarding the seventh empire which will exist in the end times.
Apostolic Authority and the Two WitnessesFurther consideration of the role of the two witnesses in regard to building the temple and church authority.
Angels as a NetworkAn examination of God’s use of omniscience and the role of angels as revealed in scripture.
A Study of All Biblical PrayersSeeks to identify the types of things that people pray for in the Bible and the means by which God answers prayer in order to better understand how we ought to pray as Christians today.
Faith and MiraclesInvestigates whether a lack of miracles is caused by a lack of sufficient faith for miracles as well as the topic of what the biblical conditions for miracles are.
1 Corinthians 5: Christians in GovernmentA look at the relevance of Paul’s remarks 1 Corinthians 5 in regard to the subject of Christian participation in government today.
The Old Testament and Conditional GiftsDiscusses the conditionality of the charismatic gifts in the New Testament period through comparisons to the Old Testament period.
End Times Prophecy: An Illustrative Case StudyA brief consideration of whether end-times’ events could begin to occur without a sudden, dramatic, and obvious departure from the normal course of history. (Uses present-day developments as an illustration.)
Audio Files of Studies:
Click here for recordings of teaching and discussion sessions from our weekly church gatherings and bible study groups.
101 Critical Thinking and EpistemologyExplores the philosophical question of epistemology and asks the question "how do we know?"
102 Atheism vs. TheismExamines the question of whether God exists from a scientific and logical point of view.
103 Science, the Bible, and CreationArticles on Young and Old Earth Creationism as well as modern Evolutionary Theory and related issues including: the origin of life, the flood, dating methods, and the fossil record.
104 Why Christianity?A presentation and analysis of world religions, religious history, historical reliability and testability of religious claims, which compares Judeo-Christianity, Islam, and all forms of mystical, pagan pantheism.
201 Bible Translations and ManuscriptsStudies on bible translation, manuscripts, textual variation, reliability, historicity and formation of the canon.
of Our Theology and HermeneuticsStudies include: a suggested reading guide for this website, an explanation of bible interpretation (hermeneutics) and bible studying, information on the early church and its value, as well as biographies, charts, and timelines.
OverviewTraces and considers the history, major recurring themes, and teachings of the bible from Genesis to Revelation.
CatholicismAn examination of the claims and teachings of the Roman Catholic church, its history, and formation using both biblical and historical data.
302 The TrinityA biblical study of the Three Persons of God in both the Old and New Testament as well as ancient Jewish literature.
303 Bible CosmologyA scriptural study of the ontology of angels and man and the structures of the created universe, heaven, and hell over the course of creation’s history and the progress of God’s redemptive plan.
304 RedemptionExplores how Christ accomplished atonement, provided for forgiveness of sin and reconciliation with God, and established New Covenant.
305 Liberty in ChristA detailed look at important issues related to the New Covenant, its laws, and how it relates to the Old Covenant.
and Dispensational TheologiesA comparison of the modern understanding of the gospel, salvation, and the kingdom of God to the views of the earliest church and Gnostic heretics. This article series addresses Covenant Theology, Dispensational Theology, Premillennialism, Amillenialism, Postmillennialism, and various views of the timing of the rapture.
Will and CalvinismA comprehensive biblical and historical analysis of the teachings of Free Will and Calvinism including a review of key concepts, terms, and common arguments.
308 Open TheismAn investigation of the claims of Open Theism using a scriptural study of the operations of the Persons of the Trinity throughout biblical history.
309 BaptismsAn in-depth look at the biblical concepts of water baptism and baptism in the Holy Spirit including a consideration of the necessity of water baptism for salvation.
the Charismatic and Faith MovementsUsing historical and biblical sources, we consider the questions involving Cessationism and modern charismatic gifts, biblical methods for testing spiritual gifts, comparing modern and New Testament understandings of the gift of tongues, and a review of modern charismatic movements and teachings.
WarfareStudy topics include a survey of demonic activity in the biblical record, what spiritual warfare is and isn’t, and the biblical difference between angels and demons.
312 The Church EthicA series of articles containing biblical assessments of various topics related to modern church practices, teachings, and traditions including: the real problem with the Pharisees; forgiveness and judging; marriage and divorce; homosexuality; Christianity, politics and war; Christmas holiday traditions; the role of the Holy Spirit; music and worship; tithing; communal living; professional pastors and “the calling;” church leadership; gender roles; and “how to do church” the New Testament way.
313 PreterismAn examination of the theological claims of various forms of Preterism and realized eschatology covering key passages and arguments, parousia delay, a consideration of relevant historical information, and the date of the Book of Revelation.
Times Prophecy (Eschatology)Biblical studies on: the major prophetic symbols of the visions of Daniel and Revelation; a comprehensive explanation of the chronology, figures, and events of the Book of Revelation; and a biblical, historical, and archeological examination of issues related to the rebuilding and location of the Jewish Temple.
Conspiracy (and Freemasonry)A consideration of modern conspiracy theories and anti-Christian geopolitical agendas using the bible and other common, accredited, well-documented resources.
316 Chronology: Timeline of Biblical World HistoryA detailed and comprehensive study of biblical world history.
401 Early Church
Beliefs: First Eight Writers' ConsensusA topic by topic survey of the views of the earliest church on major Christian theological issues.
402 History of the Early ChurchA historical chronicle of major theological and practical differences between the earliest church and the modern church and the influences that brought about these differences.
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|October 21, 2014|
When were the books of the
New Testament collected and canonized?
An important question for apologists and Christians alike is when and by whom the books of the New Testament were first collected and used as a rule (canon) for judging doctrine. Informed Christian apologists point toward fourth century church councils which recognized (and made official) the New Testament as a particular collection of books that had always been upheld in the churches from the earliest times. But can we know more precisely at what point (prior to the fourth century) the books of the New Testament were first collected as a unique and exclusive body of works with special authority for church doctrine and practice?
For more information on
the origin, collection, and canonicity of the New Testament, please see our study entitled:
The New Testament Canon
arrangement of topics to the left provides a recommended reading order. It
is designed to reflect a step-by-step progression from more basic topics to more
complex ones. However, it is not necessary to follow this order. Those who are more familiar with certain topics may easily read whichever studies are of interest without first going through all of the earlier topics in the list.
Q:||I'm new here. Where should I get started?|