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Welcome to the resource side of our website. Here you will find more than 400 links to studies in a wide variety of doctrinal topic areas. These studies are intended to be comprehensive and to relate a step-by-step, reasonable analysis delving deeply into the scriptural texts.





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February 28, 2015

What does “born of water and the Spirit” mean?

In John 3:5, Jesus tells Nicodemus that “unless a man is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.” Is Jesus referring to water baptism and baptism in the Holy Spirit? If so, should this statement be taken to mean that water baptism is necessary for salvation? Additionally, would it indicate that the rebirth takes place when we are water baptized? Does it indicate that baptism in the Holy Spirit always occurs when we are water baptized so that the two baptisms in fact coincide as a single baptismal event?

For more information on
Jesus’ remarks to Nicodemus about being born again, salvation, and baptisms please see our study entitled:


John 3:5 –
“Born of Water
and (the) Spirit”


Q:I'm new here. Where should I get started?
The arrangement of topics to the left provides a recommended reading order. It is designed to reflect a step-by-step progression from more basic topics to more complex ones. However, it is not necessary to follow this order. Those who are more familiar with certain topics may easily read whichever studies are of interest without first going through all of the earlier topics in the list.

systematic theology:
a reading guide

logical fallacies
a list of false
arguments